Fair Medicine and Artificial Intelligence: Chances, Challenges, Consequences
Wednesday-Friday, 3-5 March 2021
Center for Gender and Diversity Research (ZGD), Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
At least since 2012, and following technological advancements in IT, the medical profession has become increasingly interested in artificial intelligence (AI). Medical diagnosis, prognosis (e.g. in personalised health care), and therapy recommendations are all possible application fields of AI, to name but a few. Despite the high hopes for AI in the field of medicine, only a few products have so far managed to meet the standards necessary for broad marketability in terms of adequate available data or validation. Even regardless of the velocity of developments, AI will most likely play an important role in the health sector in the near future.
Healthcare disparities are posing a political threat and a major challenge to the healthcare system. The use of AI in the service of fair healthcare makes for a persuasive argument that not only justifies its employment, but seems to make it more or less inevitable. AI could, for instance, reveal human bias in the field, and make equal treatment available to all. On the other hand, critical voices warn that AI might heighten existing inequalities, while technical complexities would make them harder to detect. The question is thus whether algorithm-based applications can influence systemic inequality in positive ways.
The aim of this interdisciplinary conference is to focus on concrete applications in the medical and healthcare sector that are based on AI, machine learning, and deep learning technologies.